DataStructures / System Design
Difference between database sharding and partitioning.
Partitioning is a general term used to describe the act of breaking up your logical data elements into multiple entities for the purpose of performance, availability, or maintainability.
Sharding is the equivalent of "horizontal partitioning".
"Vertical partitioning" is the act of splitting up the data stored in one entity into multiple entities for space and performance reasons.
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